Cockfighting

Cockfighting
Cockfighting

What it is?

cockfight is a blood sport between two roosters (cocks), or more accurately gamecocks, held in a ring called a cockpit. The first documented use of the word gamecock, denoting use of the cock as to a “game”, a sportpastime or entertainment, was recorded in 1646, after the term “cock of the game” used by George Wilson, in the earliest known book on the sport of cockfighting in The Commendation of Cocks and Cock Fighting in 1607.

History

Cock fighting is said to be the world’s oldest spectator sport. It goes back 6,000 years in Persia.

According to one author, there is evidence that cockfighting was a pastime in the Indus Valley Civilization. The Encyclopædia Britannica (2008) holds:

The sport was popular in ancient times in India, China, Persia, and other Eastern countries and was introduced into Ancient Greece in the time of Themistocles (c. 524–460 BC). For a long time the Romans affected to despise this “Greek diversion”, but they ended up adopting it so enthusiastically that the agricultural writer Columella (1st century AD) complained that its devotees often spent their whole patrimony in betting at the side of the pit.

The significance of the original name of Mohenjo-daro inferring that the city was “the city of the cock” takes on great significance if taking into account that it has been claimed that the chicken was domesticated in southern China in 6000 BC. However, according to a recent study, “it is not known whether these birds made much contribution to the modern domestic fowl. Chickens from the Harappan culture of the Indus Valley (2500-2100 BC) may have been the main source of diffusion throughout the world.” “Within the Indus Valley, indications are that chickens were used for sport and not for food (Zeuner 1963)” and that by 1000 BC they had assumed “religious significance”.

Some additional insight into the pre-history of European and American secular cockfighting may be taken from the The London Encyclopaedia:

At first cockfighting was partly a religious and partly a political institution at Athens; and was continued for improving the seeds of valor in the minds of their youth, but was afterwards perverted both there and in the other parts of Greece to a common pastime, without any political or religious intention.

The image of a fighting rooster has been found the 6th century BC seal of Jaazaniah, discovered during the excavation of the biblical city of Mizpah in Benjamin, near Jerusalem.[15] It is one of the earliest depictions of a fighting rooster ever recovered. This depiction is consistent with the remains of these birds found at other Israelite Iron Age sites, when the rooster was used as a fighting bird; they are also pictured on other seals from the period as a symbol of ferocity, such as on the one engraved on a late-7th-century BC red jasper seal inscribed “Jehoahaz, son of the king”, which likely belonged to Jehoahaz of Judah “while he was still a prince during his father’s life.”

The anthropologist Clifford Geertz wrote the influential essay Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight, on the meaning of the cockfight in Balinese culture.

Cockfighting in the Philippines

Cockfighting in the Philippines is called Sabong. There are illegal and legal cockfights. Legal cockfights are held on cockpits every week. Illegal cockfights, called tupada or tigbakay, are held in secluded cockpits where the authorities would not be able to operate raids. In both kind of cockfights, knives or gaffs are used. There are two kinds of knives used in Philippine cockfighting. The single edge blade (use in derbies) and double edged blades, lengths of knives also vary. All knives are attached on the left leg of the cock. But depending on the agreement between owners, blades can be attached on the right leg, or even on both legs. Sabong and illegal tupada, are judged by a referee called sentensyador orkoyme, whose verdict is final and not subject to any appeal. Bets are usually taken by the kristo, known as such for his outstretched hands when calling out wagers from the audience and skillfully doing so purely from memory.

The Philippines has hosted several World Slasher Cup derbies, held twice a year and staged in Araneta Coliseum. The world’s leading game fowl breeders gather twice a year during this event.

Contrary to popular beliefs Cockfighting was not introduced in the Philippines by the Spanish. Cockfighting was already flourishing as recorded by Antonio Pigafetta the Italian recorder of Magellan. The Philippines which is a south east Asian nation shares the culture of the Indians and the south east Asian nations in which the jungle fowl(bankivoid) and Oriental type chickens are endemic.

Insights

There’s a sport to it. We’re not just out here trying to kill a rooster. There’s a sport to it. All of the chicken breeders are friends. All of the chicken breeders have ‘gentlemen’s agreements’, you know what I mean? It’s a fair sport. There’s thousand and thousands of dollars or pesos that are being gambled and spent on chickens everyday.

Translator's email tip: how to make your project manager love you

I would really agree!

Jenia Laszlo

Dear translators of the world, you might seriously want to consider setting you out-of-office email for the hours when you are not working.

About a month ago, at 4.50pm on a Friday, I landed an urgent translation project that had to be turned around by Monday morning. It was just one sentence, but it had to be translated into 38 languages. And the world was just going into the Easter weekend, meaning that most of translators would be based in countries where Monday (and in some cases, Tuesday as well) would be a day off.

In addition to the challenge of starting a project on a Friday evening…

Now, I could search my database of translators, send out a bunch of emails and hope for the best – that on Monday, all 38 translators would have diligently responded and I just needed to compile the translations into one file and…

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Jesus vs. Satan (Programming)

Jesus and Satan have an argument as to who is the better programmer. This goes on for a few hours until they come to an agreement to hold a contest with God as the judge. They set themselves before their computers and begin. They type furiously, lines of code streaming up the screen, for several hours straight.

Seconds before the end of the competition, a bolt of lightning strikes, taking out the electricity. Moments later, the power is restored, and God announces that the contest is over. He asks Satan to show his work. Visibly upset, Satan cries and says, “I have nothing. I lost it all when the power went out.”

“Very well,” says God, “let us see if Jesus has fared any better.”

Jesus presses a key, and the screen comes to life in vivid display, the voices of an angelic choir pour forth from the speakers. 

Satan is astonished. He stutters, “B-b-but how?! I lost everything, yet Jesus’ program is intact! How did he do it?”

God chuckles, “Everybody knows… Jesus saves.”

Google Knols Move to WordPress: The Annotum Platform

A new publisher theme for WordPress?

The WordPress.com Blog

Today, we’d like to give a warm welcome to Google Knol users who are migrating to WordPress.com. Begun in 2007, the Google Knol project has provided people in many fields with a place to share their knowledge and expertise with the world using a platform designed for scholarly authoring and publishing.

Starting today, those same authors can move their articles and collaborative journals to WordPress—and they have the power to choose whether to move to a self-hosted WordPress installation powered by the freely-available, open-source Annotum themes, or to have their Annotum-powered site hosted for free here on WordPress.com. Knol will slowly shut down over the next year, and we’ve worked closely with GoogleSolvitor LLC, and Crowd Favorite to make this transition as simple as possible.

We here at WordPress.com are thrilled to provide an easy, fast way for Knol authors to move to their new homes without…

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